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According to Canadian researchers, premature babies born before 29 weeks of gestation have higher levels of unsaturated fatty acids when their mother is taking DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) during breast-feeding.
DHA is found in the fat of fish living in cold water and in fish oil. Omega-3 is one of the fatty acids, essential for brain growth and development.
Research has shown that this deficiency of omega-3 fatty acids is common in low birth weight infants, presumably because of their mother's lack of nutrition during pregnancy and breastfeeding. In this study, 12 premature infants born 29 weeks or more who had a high dose of omega-3 fatty acids for 36 weeks after conception were examined. The control group included 49 preterm infants whose mothers did not take DHA.The two groups compared breast milk to a 12-fold DHA concentration. Early births in the study group received a total of seven times more omega-3 fatty acids. A comparison of plasma DHA concentrations reveals that there is two or three times the difference between the two groups.
"Our study found that DHA supplementation is an easy and effective method for fatty acid intake in low birth weight infants," said Prof. Dr. Isabelle Marc of Laval University, Quebec.
"Probably the milk of small mothers who do not eat fish during breastfeeding does not contain enough omega-3 fatty acids. adequate nutrition for optimum growth and development of the nervous system in low-birth weight infants. "
The original of the scientific article is in the May issue of the American Academy of Pediatrics.